FRATERNAL HEALTH & SAFETY INITIATIVE
Use “PUBS” as a guide to the symptoms of alcohol overdose
Puking while passed out
Unresponsive to stimulation (pinch or shaking)
Breathing (slow, shallow or no breathing)
Skin (blue, cold or clammy)
If you see even one sign of alcohol overdose – Call 911
DO NOT administer anything orally (food, coffee, water, etc.). It can induce vomiting.
DO NOT give the person a cold shower. The shock could cause the person to pass out and result in injuries.
DO NOT try to exercise the person. The person could fall and cause injury.
DO NOT try to restrain the person without (sober) assistance.
If a person is drunk and belligerent, it is best not to be verbally confrontational or aggressive in any way. Joking, kidding, bargaining, and enlisting the help of friends are the best ways to deal with a belligerent person. It is important to speak clearly and calmly and to try to coax the person to a quiet place where he/she can calm down. If repeated attempts to calm the person down are unsuccessful, it is best to enlist outside intervention.
REMEMBER: An intoxicated person is not rational. The alcohol has affected judgment, and you cannot reason with him/her. The person may become violent and uncooperative and you may need to prevent harm to yourself or others. If the person is being destructive and uncontrollable, call for assistance, up to and including the police. If a person is very intoxicated and staggering, vomiting or passing/passed out, he/she may need emergency care. Try to get the individual in bed and follow the guidelines listed below.
Try to wake the person. Try to wake the person by calling their name, slapping their face, or pinching their skin. See if you can get a reaction that will wake the person up. Remember, just because he/she wakes up does not mean they are fine.
BAC can continue to rise after one stops drinking. Alcohol stays in the bloodstream until it is processed and just because you can get some reaction at 1:00 AM doesn’t mean he/she will still be conscious by 2:00 AM. Never leave a person alone to sleep it off.
Stand by your decision. Stand up for your friendship. Do the right thing based on your best judgment and your knowledge of alcohol poisoning. You are always doing the right thing by getting help.
Inspiring positive change starts with education.